Do you know your risk factor?

What Risk Factors Exist for Different Types of Cancer?

Breast Cancerembracing

  • Age – most cases occur in women age 50 or older
  • Family history of breast or ovarian cancer before menopause (mother, sister or daughter)
  • Abnormal breast biopsy results
  • Lobular or ductal carcinoma in situ or atypical hyperplasia
  • First period before age 12
  • Menopause after age 55
  • Never being pregnant or having your first child after age 30
  • Higher education and socioeconomic status
  • Women in this group tend to have fewer children
  • Obesity or weight gain after menopause
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Inherited mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes
  • Suspected risk factors include:

Cervical Cancerloving couple

  • First intercourse at an early age
  • Multiple sex partners (either of the woman or her partner)
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Race – More cases occur in African American, Hispanic and American Indian women
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • Diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure before birth
  • HIV infection
  • Weakened immune system due to organ transplant, chemotherapy or chronic steroid use

Colorectal Cancer hands with cigarettes and apple

Endometrial Cancer (also called Uterine Cancer)

  • Increasing age
  • Increased estrogen exposure
  • First period before age 12
  • Menopause after age 55
  • Hormonal therapy without the use of progestin
  • Never being pregnant
  • History of infertility
  • Personal history of hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer
  • Obesity
  • Use of tamoxifen

Lung Cancer

Ovarian Cancer

  • Age – most common in people over age 50
  • Family history of ovarian (mother, daughter, sister, grandmother, or aunt)
  • Inherited mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes
  • Northern European and/or Ashkenazi Jewish heritage
  • Never being pregnant
  • Suspected risk factors include:
    • Fertility drugs
    • Exposure to talcum powder
    • Hormone replacement therapy
    • Obesity

Prostate Cancer

son and dad walking

Skin Cancer

MDAnderson
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